Melasma is a common skin condition that is particularly prevalent in females. It appears in the form of brown patches usually on the upper cheeks, upper lip, forehead and chin. Typically it affects Asian and Latin women who are pregnant or taking contraceptives or using hormonal therapy. Excessive sun exposure and hormonal changes cause melasma.
You can easily protect your skin from melasma through avoiding excessive sun exposure. Use sunscreen whenever going outside and stay as minimum as possible in direct sunlight. But of course you cannot control your hormonal balance, so the patches often appear even when you are so keen towards your skin care.
Sometimes melasma disappears when body regains its hormonal balance. However, it may take several months. Most often the patches stay stick to skin until you go for for melasma treatment. Treatments that speed up the fading process of patches include:
- Application of topical depigmenting agents, like hydroquinone that inhibits an enzyme involved in the production of melanin.
- Using an acid that increases wearing of old skin cells and growth of new skin cells
- Chemical peels
- Microdermabrasion or dermabraision
- Galvanic or ultrasound facials
- Laser treatment
Lasers treatment for Melasma
Difficult cases of melasma are often treated through laser treatment. There are various types of lasers that are used for the treatment of melasma. Type and parameters of laser are chosen according to the type of melasma. Multiple sessions are required to see the desired results. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may need to wait.
Pre-operative preparation includes:
- Providing surgeon with your medical history
- Strict sun avoidance
- Use of topical depigmentaing agents
- Appropriate eye protection
Psychological benefits of Melasma treatment
People having melasma often develop an increased self-consciousness, depression and anxiety. Melasma treatment helps them to in getting back to their normal lives. It increases self-confidence and self-esteem. Women feel happy and relieved from the sense of self-consciousness. All these psychological benefits pave your way to a better tomorrow!